Lion in the Lobby


Adams, Sherman. First-Hand Report. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1961.

Anderson, J.W. Eisenhower, Brownell, and the Congress: The Tangled Origins of the Civil Rights Bill of 1956-1957. Published for Inter-University Case Program, Inc., Kingsport, Tenn., by University of Alabama Press, 1964.

Bailey, Stephen Kemp. Congress Makes a Law. New York: Columbia University Press, 1950, 1965.

Berman, William C. The Politics of Civil Rights in the Truman Administration. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1970.

Bland, Randall W. Private Pressure on Public Law: The Legal Career of Justice Thurgood Marshall. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat Press, 1973.

Bolling, Richard. House Out of Order. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1965.

Branch, Taylor. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-1963. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988.

Carr, Robert K. Federal Protection of Civil Rights, Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1947.

Carter, Dan T. Scottsboro: A Tragedy of the American South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Cash, W.J. The Mind of the South. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1941.

Chadbourn, James Harmon. Lynching and the Law. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1933.

Clark, Charles B. The Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia, Vol. 1. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1950.

Congress and the Nation, 1945-1964. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, 1965.

Congress and the Nation. 1965-1968. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, 1969.

Crawford, Kenneth G. The Pressure Boys. New York: Julian Messner, 1939.

Dalfiume, Richard M. Desegregation of the U.S. Armed Forces, Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1969.

Division of Review and Analysis. FEPC: How It Operates. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1944.

Dixon, Thomas, Jr. The Leopard’s Spots. New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1904.

--------. Clansman. New York: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1905.

Douglas, Paul H. In the Fullness of Time: Memoirs. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1972.

Du Bois, W.E.B. The Souls of Black Folk. Greenwich, Conn.: Fawcett Publications, 1961.

-------. The Autobiography of W.E.B. Du Bois. New York: International Publishers Co., 1968.

-------. Dusk of Dawn. New York: Schocken Books, 1968.

-------. The Philadelphia Negro. Millwood, N.Y.: Kraus-Thompson Organization, 1973.

Ehrlichman, John. Witness to Power: The Nixon Years. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1982.

Eisenhower, Dwight D. Mandate for Change, 1953-1956. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1963.

Evans, Rowland, and Robert Novak. Lyndon B. Johnson: The Exercise of Power. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1967.

-------. Nixon in the White House: The Frustration of Power. New York. Random House, 1971.

Evers, Mrs. Medgar, with William Peters. For Us, the Living. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1967.

Fairbanks, W. L., and W. S. Hamill. A Statistical Analysis of the Population of Maryland. Baltimore: Maryland Development Bureau of the Baltimore Association of Commerce, 1937.

Farmer, James. Freedom—When? New York: Random House, 1965.

-------. Lay Bare the Heart: An Autobiography of the Civil Rights Movement. New York: Arbor House, 1985.

Final Report. Washington, D.C.: Fair Employment Practice Committee. July 28, 1946.

First Report. Washington, D.C.: Fair Employment Practice Committee. July 1943-December 1944.

Foner, Philip S. American Socialism and Black Americans; From the Age of Jackson to World War II. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1977.

Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom, 5th ed. New York. Alfred A. Knopf. 1980.

Frazier, E. Franklin. Black Bourgeoisie. New York: The Free Press, 1957.

Garfinkel, Herbert. When Negroes March. Glencose, Ill.: The Free Press, 1957.

Garrow, David J. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. New York: William Morrow & Company, 1986.

Graham, Hugh Davis, Huey Long. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1970.

Hamby, Alonzo L. Beyond the New Deal: Harry S. Truman and the American Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1973.

Hays, Brooks. A Southern Moderate Speaks. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1959.

Hill, Herbert. Black Labor and the American Legal System. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of National Affairs, 1977.

Hofstadter, Richard. The Age of Reform. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1955.

Humphrey, Hubert. The Education of a Public Man. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Company, 1976.

Inventory of the Records of the War Manpower Commission. Record Group 211. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1973.

Israel, Fred L., ed. The State of the Union Messages of the President, 1790-1966, Vol. III. New York: Chelsea House, 1966.

Johnson, Lyndon Baines. From the Vantage Point. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971.

Kellogg, Charles Flint. NAACP, Vol. 1 (1909-1920). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1967.

Kesselman, Louis C. The Social Politics of FEPC: A Study in Reform Pressure. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1948.

Kluger, Richard. Simple Justice. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1976.

Konvitz, Milton. The Constitution and the United States. New York: Columbia University Press, 1946.

Kuntsler, William M. Deep in My Heart. New York: William Morrow & Company, 1966.

Lee, R. Alton. Truman and Taft-Hartley: A Question of Mandate. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1966.

Legislators and the Lobbyists. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, 1965.

Lewis, Anthony, and The New York Times. Portrait of a Decade: The Second American Revolution. New York: Random House, 1964.

Logan, Rayford W. What the Negro Wants. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1944.

Luccock, Alfred E., and Paul Hutchinson. The Story of Methodism. New York: Abingdon Press (n.d.).

Luper, Clara. Behold the Walls. Published by Jim Wire, 1979. Orders to Clara Luper, 1609 N. Eastern, Oklahoma City, Okla. 73111.

Lynch, Hollis R. The Black Urban Condition: A Documentary History, 1866-1971. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co., 1973.

McGregor, Morris J., Jr., Integration of the Armed Forces, 1940-1965. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 1981.

McNeil, Genna Rae. Groundwork: Charles Hamilton Houston and the Struggle for Civil Rights. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.

Meir, August, and Elliott Rudwick. CORE: A Study in the Civil Rights Movement, 1942-1968. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Meyer, Howard N. The Amendment That Refused to Die. Radnor, Pa.: Chilton Book Co. 1973.

Moon, Henry Lee. Balance of Power: The Negro Vote. New York: Kraus Repring Co., 1969. Originally published in Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & company, 1949.

-------. The Emerging Thought of Du Bois. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1972.

Morgan, Ruth P. The President and Civil Rights. New York: St. Martin’s press, 1970.

Morrison, Samuel Eliot, and Henry Steele Commager. The Growth of theAmerican Republic, Vol., 2. New York: Oxford University Press, 1962.

Morrow, Frederick. Way Down South Up North. Philadelphia: United Church Press, 1973.

Northrup, Herbert R. Organized Labor and the Negro. New York: Harper, 1944.

Ottley, Roi. Black Odyssey: The Story of the Negro in America. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1948.

Parris, Guichard, and Lester Brooks. Blacks in the City: A History of the National Urban League. Boston : Little, Brown & Co., 1971.

Peck, James. Freedom Ride. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1962.

Pigee, Vera. The Struggle of Struggles, Part One. Vera Pigee, 14110 Steele, Detroit, Mich. 48227, 1975.

Race Relations in the South – 1961. Tuskegee, Ala.: Tuskegee Institute, January 31, 1961.

Raper, Arthur F. The Tragedy of Lynching. New York: Dover Publications, 1970.

Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders. New York: Bantam Books, 1968.

Ross, Malcolm. All Manner of Men. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1948.

Ruchames, Louis. Race, Jobs and Politics: The Story of the FEPC. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1946.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. The Politics of Upheaval. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1960.

-------. A Thousand Days, John F. Kennedy in the White House. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1965.

Sinkler, George. The Racial Attitudes of American Presidents, from Abraham Lincoln to Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Doubleday & Co., 1971.

Solberg, Carl. Hubert Humphrey: A Biography. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1984.

Spangler, Earl. The Negro in Minnesota. Minneapolis, Minn. T.S. Denison & Co., 1961.

Sundquist, James L. Politics and Policy: The Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson Years. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1968.

To Secure These Rights: The Report of the President’s Committee on Civil Rights, with an introduction by Charles E. Wilson, committee chairman. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1947.

Viorst, Milton. Fire in the Streets: America in the 1960s. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.

Walsh, Richard, and William Lloyd Fox, eds. Maryland: a History. Annapolis, Md.: Hall of Records Commission, Department of General Services, 1983.

Weaver, Robert C. Negro Labor: A National Problem. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1946.

Weiss, Nancy J. Farewell to the Party of Lincoln. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1983.

White, Walter. A Rising Wind. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1945.

-------. A Man Called White. Bloomington: Indiana University press, 1948.

-------. How Far the Promised Land? New York: Viking Press, 1955.

Wilkins, Roy. Standing Fast. New York: Viking Press, 1982.

Wofford, Harris. Of Kennedys and Kings. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 1980.

Wolseley, Roland E. The Black Press. Ames: Iowa University Press, 1971.

Zaid, Charles. Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Committee on Fair Employment Practice, Record Group 228. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1962.

Zangrando, Robert L. The NAACP Crusade Against Lynching, 1909-1950. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1980.

Zinn, Howard. SNCC: The New Abolitionists. Boston: Beacon Press, 1964.

Selected Articles and Scholarly Works

Birnie, William A. H. "Black Brain Trust," The American Magazine (January 1943), pp. 36-37, 94.

Bunche, Ralph J. "A Critique of New Deal Social Planning As It Affects Negroes." The Journal of Negro History (January 1936), pp. 59-65.

Burns, James MacGregor. "The Four Kennedys of the First Year." The New York Times Magazine (January 14, 1962), pp. 9 ff.

Carter, Douglas. "How the Senate Passed the Civil Rights Bill." The Reporter (September 5, 1957), pp. 9-13.

Clark, Kenneth B. "The Civil Rights Movement: Momentum and Organization." Daedalus, Vol. 95 (Winter 1966), pp. 239-267.)

Coffin, Tris. "How Lyndon Johnson Engineered Compromise on Civil Rights Bill." The New Leader (August 5, 1957), pp. 3-4.

Coleman, McAlister. "Who Are the Socialists?" The World Tomorrow (October 12, 1932) pp. 347-349.

Collins, Frederick W. "How to Be a Leader Without Leading." The New York Times Magazine (July 30, 1961), pp. 9 ff.

Dalfiume, Richard M. "The Forgotten Years of Negro Revolution," The Journal of American History (June 1968), pp. 1-5, 106.

Danzig, David. "The Meaning of Negro Strategy." Commentary (February 1964), pp. 41-46.

Davis, John A. "The Educational Programs for the Improvement of Race Relations: Organized Labor and Industrial Organizations." Journal of Negro Education, Vol. XIII (1944), pp. 340-348.

"Declaration of Principles." The American Socialist Quarterly (July 1934), pp. 3-57.

Doerfler, Ernest. "Socialism and the Negro Problem." The American Socialist Quarterly (Summer 1933), pp. 23-36.

Edelsberg, Herman. "The New Civil Rights Law: How It Happened." The ADL Bulletin (October 1957), pp. 1-3, 8.

-------, and David Brody. "Civil Rights in the 87th Congress." A printed review (January 1, 1961).

Frazier, E. Franklin. "Ethnic Minority Groups in Wartime, with Special Reference to the Negro." The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 48 (November 1942), pp. 369-377.

Gressman, Eugene. "The Unhappy History of Civil Rights Legislation." Michigan Law Review, Vol. 50 (1952), pp. 1323-1358.

Hardin, Frances Anne. "The Role of Presidential Advisors, Roosevelt Aides and the FEPC, 1941-1943." A thesis presented to the faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell University for the degree of Master of Science, June 1974.

Henson, Francis A. "Socialism’s Contributions to Christianity." The World Tomorrow (June 1932), pp. 182-184.

Hill, Herbert. "Race, Ethnicity and Organized Labor: The Opposition to Affirmative Action." New Politics (Winter 1987-88), pp. 31-82.

Ickes, Harold L. "To Have Jobs or to Have Not." Negro Digest (January 1946), pp. 73-75.

Kellogg, Peter J. "Civil Rights Consciousness in the 1940s." The Historian, Vol. 42, November 1979, pp. 18-41.

McWilliams, Carey. "Race Relations and the Law." Science and Society (Winter 1945), pp. 1-22.

Marshall, Thurgood. "The Supreme Court as Protector of Civil Rights: Equal Protection of the Laws." The Annals of the American Academy of Social and Political Science (May 1951), pp. 101-110.

Maslow, Will. "Fair Employment State by State." The Nation (April 14, 1945), pp. 410-411.

-------. "The Law and Race Relations." The Annals of the American Academy of Social and Political Science (March 1946), pp. 75-81.

-------. "FEPC—A Case History in Parliamentary Maneuver." The University of Chicago Law Review (June 1946), pp. 407-444.

-------, and Joseph B. Robinson. "Civil Rights Legislation and the Fight for Equality, 1862-1952." The University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Spring 1953), pp. 363-413.

Miller, Sally M. "The Socialist Party and the Negro, 1901-20." Black Scholar (February 1974), pp. 220-229.

Mitchell, Clarence, Jr. "Democrats Versus Dixiecrats." The Nation, Vol. 175 (September 27, 1952) pp. 268-271.

-------. "The Status of Racial Integration in the Armed Services." The Journal of Negro Education (Summer 1954), pp. 208-213.

-------. "The Warren Court and Congress: A Civil Rights Partnership." Booklet reprinted from Nebraska Law Review, Vol. 48, No. 1 (1968), pp. 91-128.

Moon, Henry Lee. "The Negro Vote in the Presidential Election of 1956." The Journal of Negro Education (Summer 1957), pp. 219-230.

-------. "The Negro Voter." The Nation (September 17, 1960), pp. 155-157.

Morrison, Allan. "A Philip Randolph: Dean of Negro Leaders." Ebony (November 1958), pp. 103-114.

Myers, A. Howard. "The Negro Worker Under NRA." The Journal of Negro Education (January 1936), pp. 48-53.

"National Conference on the Economic Crisis and the Negro." The Journal of Negro Education (January 1936), pp. 1-87.

Randolph, A. Philip. "The Trade Union Movement and the Negro." The Journal of Negro Education (January 1936), pp. 54-58.

Ransom, Leon A. "Combatting Discrimination in the Employment of Negroes in War Industries and Government Agencies." Journal of Negro Education, Vol. XII (1943), pp. 405-416.

Rauh, Joseph L. Jr. "First Clarence Mitchell, Jr., Lecture." Martin Luther King, Jr., Center for Social Change (October 30, 1985).

Roosevelt, Eleanor. "The Negro and Social Change." Opportunity (January 1936), pp. 22-23.

Ross, B. Joyce. "Mary McLeod Bethune and the National Youth Administration." The Journal of Negro History, Vol. LX, No. 1 (January 1975), pp. 1-29.

"Socialist Party Comes Alive, The." The World Tomorrow (June 14, 1934), p. 3.

Sosna, Morton. "The South in the Saddle: Racial Politics During the Wilson Years." Wisconsin Magazine of History (Autumn 1970), pp. 30-49.

Stewart, John Gilman. "Independence and Control: The Challenge of Senatorial Party Leadership." Dissertation for Ph.D. at University of Chicago, 1968.

Thomas, Norman. "The Campaign of 1934." The American Socialist Quarterly, Vols. 3-5 (1934035), pp. 3-8.

Waring, Thomas S. "The Southern Case Against Desegregation." Harper’s Magazine (January 3, 1956), pp. 39-45.

Weaver, Robert C. "The New Deal and the Negro." Opportunity (July 1935), pp. 200-202.

-------. "An Experiment in Negro Labor." Opportunity (October 1936), pp. 295-298.

-------. "Racial Employment Trends in National Defense." Phylon (Fourth Quarter, 1941), pp. 3-23.

-------. "The Negro Comes of Age in Industry." Atlantic Monthly (September 1943), pp. 54-56.

-------. "Recent Events in Negro Union Relationships." Journal of Political Economy, Vol. LII, No. 3 (September 1944), pp. 234-249.

-------. "Housing in a Democracy." The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (March 1946), pp. 95-105.

-------. "Negro Labor Since 1929." The Journal of Labor History (January 1950), pp. 20-38.

White, Walter. "In Investigate Lynchings." The American Mercury, Vol. 16 (January 1929), pp. 77-84.

-------. "It’s Our Country, Too." The Saturday Evening Post (October-December 1940), p. 58 ff.

-------. "Why I Remain a Negro." Saturday Review of Literature (October 11, 1947), NNACP reprint, DW Files.

-------. "Has Science Conquered the Color Line?" Reprinted from Look in Negro Digest (December 1949), [[/ 37-40.

-------. "How Washington’s Color Line Looks to Me." The Saturday Evening Post (April 3, 1954), pp. 32-33 ff.

Woodward, C. Vann. "The Great Civil Rights Debate." Commentary (October 1957), pp. 285-295.


Kennedy, Robert F. Interview by Anthony Lewis, December 4, 6, 1964. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program.

King, Martin Luther, Jr., Interview by Berl I. Bernhard, March 4, 1964. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program.

Marshall, Burke. Interviews by Louis Oberdorfer, May 29, 1964. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program.

Mitchell, Clarence, Jr. Interview by John Stewart, February 9, 1957. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program.

-------. Interview by Robert Martin, December 6, 1968. Civil Rights Documentation Project, Ralph J. Bunche Oral History Collection, Manuscript Department, Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University.

-------. Interview by Thomas Baker, November 7, 1972. Lyndon Baines Johnson Library Oral History Collection, Accession No. 73-24.

-------. Interview by Charles Wagandt, February 17 (OH 8209). Maryland Historical Society Oral History.

-------. Interview by Ed Edwin, July 24, 1981. Columbia University Oral History Collection.

Mitchell, Juanita. Interviews by Charles Wagandt, July 25, 1975 (OH 8095), December 9, 1976 (OH 8183). Maryland Historical Society Oral History.

Rauh, Joseph L., Jr. Interview by Charles T. Morrissey, December 23, 1965. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program.

Sorensen, Theodore. Interview by Carl Kaysen, May 3, 1964. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program.

Wilkins, Roy. Interview by Joe Wall, June 4, 1957. Columbia University Oral History Collection.

Wofford, Harris. Interviews by Berl I Bernhard, November 29, 1965. Larry Hackman, November 22, 1968. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program.

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